Precursor of both Expressionism and Cubism - Inspiration for Rainer Maria Rilke and Nikos Kazantzakis - Best known for tortuously elongated figures and often fantastic or phantasmagorical pigmentation.
El Greco (1541-1614)
Flemish most famous for his portraits of Charles I of England - Painted short, pointed beards and consequently this particular kind of beard was given his name.
Anthony van Dyck (1599-1641)
18th century artist famous for his landscapes of Venice.
One of his most important works is Burial at Ornans - Towards the end of his life, he painted a series of increasingly erotic works, culminating in The Origin of the World.
Gustave Courbet (1819-1877)
Little Dyer - Painted The Last Supper but not Leonardo da Vinci - Last great painter of the Italian Renaissance.
French painter of the 19th century best known for his portrayals of life at the Moulin Rouge and Parisian cabaret and theaters.
The Wedding at Cana and The Feast in the House of Levi - Along with Titian and Tintoretto, he comprises the triumvirate of pre-eminent Venetian painters of the late Renaissance.
Austrian - Vienna Secession movement - Primary subject was the female body and his works are marked by a frank eroticism - Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I sold for $135 million in 2006 - The Kiss.
Gustav Klimt (1862-1918)
Norwegian - The Scream (1893).
Edvard Munch (1863-1944)
Painter of ballet dancers - One of his famous sculpture's is Little Dancer of Fourteen Years made of wax.
Edgar Degas (1834-1917)
Most iconic images are his woodcuts - Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (1497-1498) from the Apocalypse series, the Rhinoceros and numerous self-portraits.
Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528)
Seventeenth-century Flemish - Diplomat - Paintings feature full-figured, voluptuous women - His namesque word means plump or fleshy but not fat.
Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)
Greatest Dutch Painter - 17th century - Tons of self-portraits - The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp - Nightwatch.
Liberty Leading the People (1830).
Eugene Delacroix (1798-1863)
French artist who can be said to form the bridge between late 19th century Impressionism and Cubism - Provence - Studies of Mont Sainte-Victoire - Lot of still life studies.
Paul Cezanne (1839-1906)
Father of Impressionism - Landscapes in and around Pontoise, as well as scenes from Montmartre - Mentor to Paul Cézanne and Paul Gauguin - Shares his first name with Monet's wife.
Camille Pissarro (1830-1903)
French painter who was a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism - Masterworks are The Luncheon on the Grass and Olympia.
Edouard Manet (1832-1883)
This not-so-old artist is best known as the painter of portraits of Henry VIII.
Hans Holbein the Younger
His large work Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte is one of the icons of 19th century painting.
Georges Seurat (1859-1891)
English painter known principally for his landscape paintings - Most famous paintings include Dedham Vale (1802) and The Hay Wain (1821).
John Constable (1776-1837)
Spanish court painter - The Maja - The Third of May, 1808: The Execution of the Defenders of Madrid.
Francisco Goya (1746-1828)
Spanish - Court of King Philip IV - Masterpiece is Las Meninas (1656) - Many modern artists including Picasso and Dalí recreated several of his works.
Diego Velazquez (1599-1660)
British - The Painter of Light - His The Fighting Temeraire tugged to her last Berth to be broken up was voted in 2005 to be the greatest painting in a British art gallery.
J. M. W. Turner (1775-1851)
Primitivism - Tahiti - Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? - Substantial part of his collection is displayed in the Pushkin Museum and the Hermitage - Inspired Somerset Maugham to write The Moon and Sixpence - Friendship with Vincent van Gogh.
Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)
The Birth of Venus and Primavera - Name translates as 'little barrel' in Italian.
Sandro Botticelli (1444/45-1510)
Impression, Sunrise - Waterlilies - Haystacks.
Claude Monet (1840-1926)
Revolutionized Venetian painting -The Feast of the Gods ranks among the gems of the High Renaissance. It was completed by his disciple, Titian.
Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516)
15th century Dutch painter - Commonly but mistakenly believed that he invented oil painting - Masterworks include Ghent Altarpiece and Annunciation.
Jan van Eyck (c. 1385-1441)
16th-century Venetian school - Gave his name to a brownish orange color.
Dutch Post-Impressionist - Cut off part of his left ear - Friendship with Paul Gauguin - Beloved brother of Theo.
Vincent Van Gogh (1853-1890)
Dutch - Works depict sin and human moral failings and images of demons, half-human animals and machines - The Garden of Earthly Delights.
Hieronymus Bosch (c.1450-1516)
Feminine sensuality - Best known Impressionist work is his 1876 Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette - Luncheon of the Boating Party - Confined to a wheelchair during his last years.
Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919)
Broadway Boogie Woogie (1943).
Contemporary of Michelangelo - School of Athens - Angel?
Perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived - Two of his works occupy unique positions as the most famous, the most illustrated and most imitated portrait and religious painting of all time - Of his works, perhaps only 15 paintings survive.
Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519)
Masterwork is the decoration of the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua, commonly called the Arena Chapel, completed around 1305 - Early Renaissance.