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Diseases of the Mind

Click on each clue for its answer.

  1. This abnormality that has origins during pregnancy results in the failure of the spine to close completely.

    Spina Bifida

  2. Usually associated with old age, it is a combination of memory loss, confusion and general mental decline.

    Dementia

  3. This common form of autism, named for an Austrian scientist is characterized by high intelligence but minimal social skills in affected children.

    Asperger's Syndrome

  4. Some diagnoses of this affliction are psychotic, post-partum and seasonal affective disorder (SAD).

    Depression

  5. Until a vaccine was developed in 1955, this disease was a major cause of paralysis.

    Polio

  6. Abbreviated CJD, it is a disease in which the brain tissue is destroyed by an agent called prion; sometimes linked to meat obtained from cattle with BSE (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy).

    Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

  7. From the Latin for 'to shake violently', it is the most common type of traumatic brain injury.

    Concussion

  8. 3 terms for paralysis respectively - (1) one side of the body, (2) all four limbs and (3) only the lower part of the body.

    Hemiplegia, quadriplegia, paraplegia

  9. Defined as loss of muscle function due to brain (or muscle) damage.

    Paralysis

  10. Another name for manic-depression.

    Bipolar

  11. Since ancient times, this 'saintly' plant is a famous remedy for depression.

    St. John's Wort

  12. This is the more common name for a lumbar puncture that is performed to look for evidence of meningitis.

    Spinal tap

  13. Term for 'attacks' of intense fear that make one dizzy, breathless and anxious.

    Panic attack

  14. Infection of brain tissue or its protective covering.

    Meningitis

  15. Disorders that result from damage to the brain before birth or during the early years.

    Cerebral Palsy

  16. You suffer from this if you need to persistently check if you have turned-off the light.

    Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

  17. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is more commonly known by this baseball stars name; and this British genius is the most famous living sufferer (as of 2011).

    Lou Gehrig; Stephen Hawking

  18. This autoimmune disease occurs in four main patterns - relapsing remitting, secondary progressive, primary progressive and progressive relapsing.

    Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

  19. Occurs due to immune system damage to the myelin sheath that insulates never fibers in the brain.

    Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

  20. Often seen in soldiers who return from a war, it is a prolonged reaction to a disturbing event.

    Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

  21. The condition colloquially called 'split personality' was brought into public consciousness by this 1886 literary work.

    Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

  22. Collective name for psychological problems involving negative thoughts like anxiety, depression, anger, confusion or low self-esteem. Not as severe as 'psychosis', though it rhymes.

    Neurosis

  23. Occurs because the level of dopamine produced in the brain decreases. The 4 main symptoms are trembling limbs, stiff muscles, slow movement and balance issues.

    Parkinson's Disease

  24. This disorder is characterized by involuntary movements and utterances called 'tics' and in some cases can lead to a lot of swearing.

    Tourette Syndrome

  25. Best identified by recurring seizures, it occurs because brain cells send out wrong electrical signals.

    Epilepsy

  26. Famous sufferers of Parkinson's Disease include the boxer Muhammed Ali and this Back to the Future actor.

    Michael J. Fox

  27. This is the most common form of dementia; President Reagan would have known.

    Alzheimer's Disease

  28. If you cannot tell the difference between reality and non-reality, you are this.

    Psychotic