This abnormality that has origins during pregnancy results in the failure of the spine to close completely.
Usually associated with old age, it is a combination of memory loss, confusion and general mental decline.
This common form of autism, named for an Austrian scientist is characterized by high intelligence but minimal social skills in affected children.
Some diagnoses of this affliction are psychotic, post-partum and seasonal affective disorder (SAD).
Until a vaccine was developed in 1955, this disease was a major cause of paralysis.
Abbreviated CJD, it is a disease in which the brain tissue is destroyed by an agent called prion; sometimes linked to meat obtained from cattle with BSE (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy).
From the Latin for 'to shake violently', it is the most common type of traumatic brain injury.
3 terms for paralysis respectively - (1) one side of the body, (2) all four limbs and (3) only the lower part of the body.
Hemiplegia, quadriplegia, paraplegia
Defined as loss of muscle function due to brain (or muscle) damage.
Another name for manic-depression.
Since ancient times, this 'saintly' plant is a famous remedy for depression.
St. John's Wort
This is the more common name for a lumbar puncture that is performed to look for evidence of meningitis.
Term for 'attacks' of intense fear that make one dizzy, breathless and anxious.
Infection of brain tissue or its protective covering.
Disorders that result from damage to the brain before birth or during the early years.
You suffer from this if you need to persistently check if you have turned-off the light.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is more commonly known by this baseball stars name; and this British genius is the most famous living sufferer (as of 2011).
Lou Gehrig; Stephen Hawking
This autoimmune disease occurs in four main patterns - relapsing remitting, secondary progressive, primary progressive and progressive relapsing.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Occurs due to immune system damage to the myelin sheath that insulates never fibers in the brain.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Often seen in soldiers who return from a war, it is a prolonged reaction to a disturbing event.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
The condition colloquially called 'split personality' was brought into public consciousness by this 1886 literary work.
Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde
Collective name for psychological problems involving negative thoughts like anxiety, depression, anger, confusion or low self-esteem. Not as severe as 'psychosis', though it rhymes.
Occurs because the level of dopamine produced in the brain decreases. The 4 main symptoms are trembling limbs, stiff muscles, slow movement and balance issues.
This disorder is characterized by involuntary movements and utterances called 'tics' and in some cases can lead to a lot of swearing.
Best identified by recurring seizures, it occurs because brain cells send out wrong electrical signals.
Famous sufferers of Parkinson's Disease include the boxer Muhammed Ali and this Back to the Future actor.
Michael J. Fox
This is the most common form of dementia; President Reagan would have known.
If you cannot tell the difference between reality and non-reality, you are this.