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Roman Empire

Click on each clue for its answer.

  1. This distinctive garment of Rome was a cloth of perhaps twenty feet which was wrapped around the body and was generally worn over a tunic.

    Toga

  2. First and largest chariot racing stadium in ancient Rome, 3 times the size of the Colosseum.

    Circus Maximus

  3. Best-known for his public building program in Rome and for his generosity in relieving the suffering caused by two disasters, the Mount Vesuvius eruption of 79 AD and the fire of Rome of 80 AD.

    Titus (79 AD - 81 AD)

  4. Leading Roman lyric poet during the time of Augustus who wrote 'Satires.'

    Horace

  5. Prominent city of the Roman Empire situated in Libya.

    Leptis Magna

  6. Elite group of bodyguards who protected the emperors.

    The Praetorian Guard

  7. Author and natural philosopher who was a friend of the emperor Vespasian; best known for his work encyclopedic work Naturalis Historia.

    Pliny the Elder

  8. 'The' elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire.

    Colosseum

  9. Name of Nero's mother.

    Agrippina

  10. The Roman satirical poet Juvenal wrote that the common people are only interested in these two things - panem et circenses.

    Bread and circuses

  11. This stoic philosopher and tutor to Nero was forced to commit suicide; also the name of a native American tribe.

    Seneca

  12. Fill in the missing hill: The Aventine, Caelian, ___, Esquiline, Quirinal, Viminal, and Palatine.

    Capitoline

  13. From the Latin for 'marketplace', it was the public space in the middle of a Roman city.

    Forum

  14. Name means 'Little boots' in Latin. Named his horse, Incitatus, as a priest and later spoke of appointing it to the Senate.

    Caligula (37 AD - 41 AD)

  15. Second of the Five Good Emperors of the Roman Empire. Under his rule, the Empire reached its greatest territorial extent and his famous 100-ft column in Rome commemorates his victories.

    Trajan (98 AD - 117 AD)

  16. This city in present-day Tunisia was destroyed by the Romans in the Punic Wars.

    Carthage

  17. The controversial emperor Elagabalus who showed a disregard for religious traditions and sexual taboos became a hero to this movement of the late 19th century.

    The Decadent movement

  18. The retiarius type of gladiator fought with a trident and this.

    A net

  19. In the movie 'Gladiator', Commodus (180AD - 192AD) was portrayed by this actor as a deranged megalomaniac who murders his father Marcus Aurelius though there is no historical evidence suggesting it.

    Joaquin Phoenix

  20. First and among the most important of the Roman Emperors. Ended a century of civil wars and gave Rome an era of peace known as the 'Pax Romana' which lasted for over 200 years.

    Augustus (27 BC - 14 AD)

  21. Fourth Roman emperor. His reign saw an expansion of the empire, including the conquest of Britain. Subject of a famous novel of Robert Graves.

    Claudius (41 AD - 54 AD)

  22. 'The' Roman orator.

    Cicero

  23. Best known for being the first Christian Roman Emperor. Transformed Byzantium into Nova Roma and in 330 AD, he officially proclaimed the city as the new capital of the Roman Empire.

    Constantine I (306 AD - 312 AD)

  24. Famed Roman public baths which also inspired the design of Penn Station in New York.

    Baths of Caracalla

  25. The 'all gods' temple of Rome.

    Pantheon

  26. Last of the 'Five Good Emperors' and one of the most important stoic philosophers. Wrote 'Meditations' which is still revered as a literary monument to a government of service and duty.

    Marcus Aurelius (161 AD - 169 AD)

  27. The most popular Roman festival, it was marked by tomfoolery and reversal of social roles, in which slaves and masters switched places.

    Saturnalia

  28. Last Roman Emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Known as the emperor who 'fiddled while Rome burned' and an early persecutor of Christians.

    Nero (54 AD - 68 AD)

  29. Second Roman Emperor. The Gospels record that during his reign, Jesus of Nazareth preached and was executed under the authority of Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor of Judea.

    Tiberius (14 AD - 37 AD)

  30. Situated within the Roman Forum, the Tabularium, as the name suggests, kept these.

    Official records/ Archives

  31. Best known Roman novel written by Petronius.

    Satyricon

  32. The last emperor of both the Eastern and Western Roman Empire and after his death, the two parts split permanently. Known for making Christianity the official state religion of the Roman Empire and for cancelling the Olympic Games.

    Theodosius I (378 AD - 392 AD)

  33. The most central of Rome's 7 hills and home to the residence of emperors.

    Palatine

  34. The naumachia referred to both the re-enactment and to the basin (or more broadly, the complex) in which these shows took place.

    Naval battles

  35. The last pagan Roman Emperor who tried to reform the traditional worship as a measure to stop the decay of his world. Christian sources commonly refer to him with the suffix 'the Apostate.' His life inspired the play 'Emperor and Galilean' by Henrik Ibsen.

    Julian the Apostate (361 AD - 363 AD)