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20th Century Leaders

Click on each clue for its answer.

  1. Zhou Enlai (1898-1976)


    Premier of the People's Republic of China from 1949 until his death in January 1976, and China's foreign minister from 1949 to 1958.

  2. Muammar al-Gaddafi (1942-)


    de facto leader of Libya since 1969.

  3. Hussein I bin Talal (1935-1999)


    King of Jordan from 1952 - 1999.

  4. Robert Mugabe (1924-)


    He has been the head of government in Zimbabwe since 1980, first as Prime Minister and later as first executive President.

  5. Jomo Kenyatta (1894?-1978)

    The first Prime Minister (1963-1964) and President (1964-1978) of Kenya. He is considered the founding father of the Kenyan nation.

  6. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (1920-1975)


    Served as the first President and later became the Prime Minister of Bangladesh.

  7. Daniel arap Moi (1924-)


    President of Kenya from 1978 until 2002.

  8. Frederik Willem de Klerk (1936-)

    South Africa

    last State President of Apartheid-era South Africa, serving from September 1989 to May 1994.

  9. Venustiano Carranza (1859-1920)


    President of Mexico from 1917 - 1920.

  10. Salvador Allende (1908-1973)


    Was President of Chile from November 1970 until his suicide during the coup d'état of September 11, 1973.

  11. Rafael Trujillo (1891-1961)

    Rafael Trujillo

    Ruled the Dominican Republic from 1930 until his assassination in 1961.

  12. Bhumibol Adulyadej (1927-)


    Current King of Thailand.

  13. Lee Kuan Yew (1923-)


    Prime Minister of the Republic of Singapore from 1959 to 1990.

  14. Julius Nyerere (1922-1999)


    First President of Tanzania, and previously Tanganyika, from the country's founding in 1964 until his retirement in 1985.

  15. Josip Tito (1892-1980)


    Leader of the Second Yugoslavia, which lasted from 1943 until 1991.

  16. Kwame Nkrumah (1909-1972)


    One of the most influential Pan-Africanists of the 20th century, served as the founder, and first President of Ghana.

  17. Félix Houphouët-Boigny (1905-1993)

    Ivory Coast

    First President of Côte d'Ivoire. At the time of his death, was the longest-serving leader in Africa's history and the third longest-serving leader in the world, after Fidel Castro and Kim Il-sung.

  18. Anwar Al Sadat (1918-1981)


    Third President of Egypt, serving from October 15, 1970 until his assassination.

  19. Sukarno (1901-1970)


    He was the first President of Indonesia.

  20. Enver Hoxha (1908-1985)


    Was the leader of Albania from the end of World War II until his death in 1985, as the First Secretary of the Communist Albanian Party of Labour. He was also Prime Minister of Albania from 1944 to 1954 and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1946 to 1953.

  21. Antonio Salazar (1932-1968)

    Prime Minister and Dictator of Portugal from 1932 to 1968.

    Prime Minister and Dictator of Portugal from 1932 to 1968

  22. Juan Peron (1895-1974)


    Elected three times as President of Argentina and serving from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974.

  23. Todor Zhivkov (1911-1998)


    Communist leader of Bulgaria from March 4, 1954 until November 10, 1989.

  24. Mahathir bin Mohamad (1925-)


    Prime Minister of Malaysia from 1981 to 2003.

  25. Jinnah (1876-1948)


    Leader of the All India Muslim League who founded Pakistan and served as its first Governor-General.

  26. Kim Jong-il (1942-)

    North Korea

    Leader of North Korea since 1994.

  27. Haile Selassie (1892-1975)


    de jure Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974 and de facto from 1916 to 1936 and 1941 to 1974.

  28. Idi Amin (mid 1920's-2003)


    President of Uganda from 1971 to 1979.

  29. Sam Nujoma (1929-)


    First President of Namibia. He was inaugurated in 1990 and was subsequently re-elected in 1994 and 1999, serving until 2005.

  30. Willy Brandt (1913-1992)

    (West) Germany

    Chancellor of West Germany 1969 - 1974, and leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) 1964 - 1987.

  31. Patrice Lumumba (1925-1961)

    Democratic Republic of the Congo

    First elected Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo after he helped to win its independence from Belgium in June 1960.

  32. Benigno Aquino, Jr. (1932-1983)

    The Philippines

    Philippine senator and a leading oppositionist to the autocratic rule of Ferdinand Marcos.

  33. Hafez al-Assad (1930-2000)


    President of Syria from 1971 - 2000.

  34. Ho Chi Minh (1890-1969)


    Prime Minister (1946-1955) and President (1955-1969) of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

  35. Alexander Dubcek (1921-1992)


    Famous for his attempt to reform the Communist regime (Prague Spring).

  36. Lech Walesa (1943-)


    President of Poland from 1990 to 1995.

  37. Vaclav Havel (1936-)


    He was the ninth and last President of Czechoslovakia (1989-1992) and the first President of the Czech Republic (1993-2003).

  38. Ayatollah Khomeini (1900-1989)


    Political leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran.

  39. Mswati III (1968-)


    King of Swaziland, and head of the Swazi Royal Family.

  40. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1919-1980)


    Monarch of Iran from September 16, 1941 until the Iranian Revolution on February 11, 1979.

  41. Suharto (1967-1998)


    The long-reigning President of Indonesia, holding the office from 1967 to 1998.

  42. Norodom Sihanouk (1922-)


    King of Cambodia until his abdication on October 7, 2004, is now "King-Father of Cambodia."