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Mountains and Volcanoes

Click on each clue for its answer.

  1. Everest maybe the tallest mountain from the sea-level, but its summit is generally regarded as the spot on the surface farthest from the center of the Earth, measuring (6,384,412 m) from the Earth's core to the peak.

    Chimborazo

    It is Ecuador's highest summit. Chimborazo is just one degree south of the equator and the earth's diameter at the equator is greater than at Everest's latitude (nearly 28° north), with sea level also being elevated.

  2. This peak located in the western Caucasus mountains, Russia, near the border of Georgia can be considered the highest peak in Europe.

    Mount Elbrus

    (if the border between Europe and Asia is considered to be at the watershed divide of the Caucasus, or anywhere south of this)

  3. With its exceptionally symmetrical cone, it is a well-known symbol of a country and is perhaps the most frequently depicted mountain in art and photographs, as well as the most visited by sightseers and climbers.

    Mount Fuji

    The highest mountain in Japan, it is just west of Tokyo, from which it can be seen on a clear day. It is located near the Pacific coast of central Honshū.

  4. Famous Mexican volcano that grew out of a cornfield in the 20th century.

    Parícutin

  5. It is the tallest free-standing mountain rise in the world, rising 4,600 m (15,100 ft) from its base. Its name is Maasai for 'Large Rock.'

    Kilimanjaro

  6. It is an active volcano on the east coast of Sicily and is the largest active volcano in Europe.

    Mount Etna

  7. This Indonesian volcano's eruption caused such extreme weather conditions in many parts of the world that 1816 was known as 'the Year Without a Summer.'

    Tambora

  8. Located in Mars, it is the tallest known volcano and mountain in our solar system.

    Olympus Mons

  9. Since ancient times, this mountain has been revered by the Armenians as their spiritual home and as the home of the gods of the Armenian pantheon.

    Mount Ararat

    It is in present day Turkey and over the centuries, the area has been contested territory between several states.

  10. This volcano was regarded by the Greeks and Romans as being sacred to the hero and demigod Heracles/Hercules and is most famous for burying a Roman city.

    Mount Vesuvius

    Best known for its eruption in 79 AD that led to the destruction of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. It is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years.

  11. This Indonesian volcanic island erupted massively in 1883 and generated the loudest sound historically reported.

    Krakatoa

    Near Krakatoa, according to official records, 165 villages and towns were destroyed and 132 seriously damaged, at least 36,417 (official toll) people died, and many thousands were injured by the eruption, mostly from the tsunamis which followed the explosion.

  12. It is the tallest mountain in the world outside of the Himalayan range.

    Aconcagua in the Andes

    It is also the highest peak in both the Western and Southern Hemispheres.

  13. It is most famous for its catastrophic eruption on May 18, 1980, which was the deadliest and most economically destructive volcanic event in the history of the United States.

    Mount St. Helens

  14. This is considered a sacred place for Bahá'ís around the world, and is the location of the Bahá'í World Centre and the Shrine of the Báb.

    Mount Carmel

    The location of the Bahá'í holy places has its roots to the imprisonment of the religion's founder, Bahá'u'lláh, near Haifa by the Ottoman Empire during the Ottoman Empire's rule over Palestine.

  15. Mount Damāvand, the highest point in the Middle East is in this country and has a special place in the folklore of the country.

    Iran

  16. Nevada mountain that is the place where nuclear waste of the United States is stored.

    Yucca Mountain

  17. This area in the Pacific is called this for it has 452 volcanoes and is home to over 75% of the world's active and dormant volcanoes.

    Ring of Fire

  18. Canada's highest mountain and the second-highest peak in North America, after Mount McKinley.

    Mount Logan

  19. Puncak Jaya, sometimes called Mount Carstensz or the Carstensz Pyramid, is the highest mountain in Oceania. It is located on this island.

    New Guinea

    It is the highest point between the Himalayas and the Andes and the highest island peak in the world.

  20. It is the tallest mountain in the world when measured from base to summit, since its base is located on the seafloor some 20,000 feet (6,000 m) beneath the surface of the Pacific Ocean, bringing its total height to well over 33,000 ft (10,000 m).

    Mauna Kea

    It is one of five volcanoes which together form the island of Hawai'i and is the highest point in the state of Hawaii.

  21. Mt Vinson Massif has this distinction.

    The highest mountain of Antarctica

  22. A hilltop and national cemetery in Jerusalem, Israel named for the founder of modern political Zionism where most of Israel's heroes are buried.

    Mount Herzl

  23. Victoria Peak overlooks this Asian city.

    Hong Kong

    The mountain is located in the western half of the Hong Kong Island. With an altitude of 552 m, it is the highest mountain on the island, although far from the highest Tai Mo Shan in the territory.

  24. A mountain on a peninsula in northern Greece called as 'Holy Mountain' in English. It is home to 20 Eastern Orthodox monasteries and forms a self-governed monastic state and only males more than the age of 18 are allowed to live here.

    Mount Athos

  25. Term given to the 16 volcanoes identified by the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior (IAVCEI) as being worthy of particular study in light of their history of large, destructive eruptions and proximity to populated areas.

    Decade Volcanoes

  26. It is the largest volcano on earth.

    Mauna Loa

    It is an active shield volcano, although its peak is about 120 feet (37 m) lower than that of its neighbor, Mauna Kea, another of five volcanoes that form the Island of Hawaiʻi.

  27. Located on the Caribbean island of Martinique, it is infamous for its eruption in 1902 and the destruction that resulted, the worst volcanic disaster of the 20th Century.

    Mount Pelée

    The eruption caused about 26,000 to 36,000 casualties and destroyed Saint-Pierre, at that time the largest city in Martinque.

  28. It is a flat-topped mountain forming a prominent landmark overlooking the city of Cape Town in South Africa.

    Table Mountain

  29. Highest peak of northern Germany that has always played a role in legends and has been connected with witches and devils; Goethe took up the legends in his Faust, in which he also referred to the mountain.

    Brocken

  30. K2, the second-highest mountain on Earth is in this country.

    Pakistan

    It is located in the Karakoram segment of the Himalayan range, on the border between the Gilgit-Baltistan region of the Pakistan administered Northern Areas and the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang, China.

  31. The western slope of this mountain lies within Sequoia National Park in the US and is is the highest point in the contiguous United States at elevation 14,505 feet (4,421 meters).

    Mount Whitney

  32. Meaning "hunchback" in Portuguese, it is a mountain in central Rio de Janeiro known worldwide for the 38-meter (125 ft) statue of Jesus atop its peak.

    Corcovado

  33. Mount McKinley in Alaska is the highest mountain peak in North America, at a height of approximately 20,320 feet (6,194 m) It is in this National Park of the US.

    Denali

  34. The second-highest in Africa (after Mount Kilimanjaro).

    Mount Kenya