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Mediterranean Geography

Click on each clue for its answer.

  1. The Strait of Gibraltar, which lies at the west end of the Alboran Sea, separates these two countries.

    Spain and Morocco

  2. Small and densely-populated island nation located just thirty-seven miles south of Sicily commonly associated with the Knights of St. John who ruled it, and the historic Biblical shipwrecking of St. Paul.


  3. The Mediterranean is connected to the Black Sea via this sea.

    Sea of Marmara

  4. In the southeast, this connects connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea.

    The man-made Suez Canal

  5. The largest island of Spain, since the 1960's, it is a synonym for mass tourism. Sportsmen from the island include top tennis players Rafael Nadal and Carlos Moyá.


  6. The most mountainous Mediterranean island, it is famed as the birthplace of Napoleon.


  7. Mediterranean Sea is connected to the Atlantic via this, whose boundaries were known in antiquity as the Pillars of Hercules.

    Strait of Gibraltar

  8. Sea between the mainlands of Greece and Turkey, it was traditionally known as the Archipelago for its large number of islands including Crete and Rhodes.

    Aegean Sea

  9. This strait, named for an Italian city, connects the Adriatic Sea with the Ionian Sea.

    Strait of Otranto

  10. The lighthouse of Alexandria was a tower built in the 3rd century BC (between 285 and 247 BC) on the this island in Alexandria, Egypt to serve as that port's landmark, and later, its lighthouse.


  11. This southern Greek peninsula was once called Morea, or "Mulberry", for its mulberry-leaf shape.


  12. The largest island off North Africa, located in the Gulf of Gabes off the coast of Tunisia. Legend has it that it was the island of the Lotus-Eaters where Odysseus stranded on his voyage through the Mediterranean.


  13. Island municipality of Greece in the northern Aegean Sea best known as the original location of the celebrated marble statue of Nike, now known as the Winged Victory of ___, dating from about 190 BC now in display at the Louvre.


  14. Largest of the Greek islands, it was the center of the Minoan civilization (ca. 2600-1400 BC), the oldest form of Greek and hence European civilization. Its attractions include the Minoan sites of Knossos and Phaistos. Contains Europe's southernmost point.


  15. A monolithic limestone located off the southwestern tip of Europe on the Iberian Peninsula, it is the property of UK, and was one of the Pillars of Hercules. It is home to around 250 Barbary Macaques, commonly known as 'apes'; they are the only wild monkeys found in Europe.

    Rock of Gibraltar

  16. Following the Treaty of Fontainebleau, French emperor Napoleon I was exiled to this island after his forced abdication in 1814.


  17. The body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkan peninsula. The Gulf of Venice is at its Northern end.

    Adriatic Sea

  18. Island country situated in the eastern Mediterranean south of Turkey also called "the island of Aphrodite" as in myth, the Goddess was born here from foam. The only country to display its land area on its flag. Has an ongoing land dispute with Turkey.


  19. Named for one of Zeus's love interests in Greek mythology, this sea is the deepest part of the Mediterranean.

    Ionian Sea

  20. The largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, though several much smaller islands surrounding it are also considered part of it. The Roman orator Cicero described one of its cities, Syracuse as the greatest and most beautiful city of all Ancient Greece.


  21. An island in the Venetian Lagoon, more accurately an archipelago of islands linked by bridges, it is located a mile north of Venice and is famous for its glass making, particularly lampworking.


  22. Group of 12 larger plus 150 smaller Greek islands in the Aegean Sea, off the southwest coast of Turkey, southward of the island of Samos and northeastward of the island of Crete.

    Dodecanese Islands

  23. The Sea of Marmara connects the Black Sea to the Mediterranean via these two straits.

    Dardanelles and Bosporus

  24. Historically, this Greek island was famous worldwide for its 'Colossal' statue, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.


  25. Called Dardanelles now, this strait was earlier called by this name. The Persian emperor Xerxes had two bridges built across its width and the mythical hero Leander tried to cross it to meet his beloved Hero.


  26. This Greek island gives its name to a word derived from the poems of Sappho, which contain powerful emotional content directed toward other women and have frequently been interpreted as expressing homosexual love.


  27. The second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, its current name comes from a group of ancient sea people. This island also gives its name to a small oily fish related to herrings which are typically packed in cans.


  28. These Sovereign Base Areas are the two UK administered areas on the island of Cyprus.

    Akrotiri and Dhekelia