Sanskrit for 'Lovely', Buddha was born in these gardens in Nepal.
The life of Dalai Lama became known to westerners through this film based on the book by Heinrich Harrer.
Seven Years in Tibet
Literally 'enlightenment-being' in Sanskrit, it mainly refers to a being that compassionately refrains from entering nirvana in order to save others.
A koan is a dialogue in the lore of Zen Buddhism, generally containing aspects that are inaccessible to rational understanding, yet may be accessible to intuition. This koan, referring to a certain 'noise', must be the most famous.
The sound of one hand clapping
Sitting under this Pipal/Fig tree in Bodh Gaya for 49 days, Buddha became enlightened at the age of 35.
This word usually means a community/company of Buddhist monks.
Literally, "the Teaching of the Elders", or "the Ancient Teaching", this is the oldest surviving Buddhist school, and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of Sri Lanka and most of continental Southeast Asia.
Name of Buddha's wife and son.
Yasodhara and Rahula
Vajrayana, often viewed as the third major 'vehicle' (Yana) of Buddhism, alongside the Theravada and Mahayana, is also called by this name that's associated with sexuality.
Practiced by the Soto sect, this is a type of seated meditation in the Zen form of Buddhism.
One of the most fundamental Buddhist teachings, these principles relate to suffering's nature, origin, cessation and the path leading to the cessation.
Four Noble Truths
The formal term for a Buddhist canon of scriptures, consisting of Vinaya, Sutra and Abhidharma, which means three baskets.
Names of Buddha's parents.
Suddodhana and Mayadevi
The Tibetan text 'Bardo Thodol', that describes, and is intended to guide one through, the experiences that the consciousness has after death, during the interval between death and the next rebirth is known by this name in the west.
Tibetan Book of the Dead
The Japanese Buddhist term for enlightenment.
Buddhism split into these 2 major braches which stand for 'Great Vehicle' and 'Low Vehicle.'
Mahayana and Hinayana
At 80, Buddha attained Nirvana at this place.
Essentially a practical guide of bringing about ethical and meditative discipline, this 'way' forms the fourth part of the Four Noble Truths and talks of Right View, Right Intention, Right Speech, Right Action, Right Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness and Right Concentration.
Noble Eightfold Path
Often cited as one of India's greatest emperors, he famously embraced Buddhism after witnessing the mass deaths of the war of Kalinga, which he himself had waged out of a desire for conquest.
Ashoka the Great (304BC - 232BC)
Long famous for its association with Chinese martial arts, it is the Mahayana Buddhist monastery perhaps best known to the Western world that is regarded as the birthplace of Zen Buddhism.
A Zen master, also 'Old Man from the Cold Mountain', who is thought to have lived in the 7th century AD. Had a profound influence on the Beat Generation of the 60s.